Georgia Criminal Appellate Law Blog Offering Insight on the Practice of Appellate Law and Commentary from the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals

Court Reporters and Digital Audio Recording: Time for a Change?

Posted in News, Opinions and Analysis

My new favorite law blog is Judge Richard Kopf’s Hercules and the Umpire. Lately, it’s been the first place I click on my reader. His blog is conversational and offers a view of the Federal Court from the other side of the bench.

A recent post of his was particularly spot on. It begins “For a long time now, I have used digital audio recording, rather than a court reporter. Digital audio recording is the marriage of a computer and a sophisticated sound system with multiple channels. It is monitored by the courtroom deputy in real-time eliminating the necessity of a court reporter.” 

The daily recordings are uploaded to CM/ECF so that any person, at a small cost, can listen to them. The lawyers have access to what was said, and a transcriptionist can render things on paper in the event of an appeal. There’s no need to fund a court reporter for take down, and the job of transcribing can be outsourced for quick turnaround. I am not sure what certifications are necessary, but presumably a court reporter anywhere in the world could be contracted to transcribe the proceedings as necessary.

I use Speakwrite to transcribe office documents or interviews when my office is too overburdened. Generally, within hours of upload, I have a transcript sitting in my email inbox. Presumably, such a system could be set up for court transcripts with folks certified to do them.

I don’t know how long it will take for such a system to catch on in Georgia, but I hope it happens soon. Such a system would change the landscape of appellate practice. Consider:

  • The wait for the transcript is the single longest part of the appellate process. Digital recording with upload to a central server expands the range of possible people who could do the work, virtually overnight.
  • Often appellate lawyers are waiting around for months or years for transcripts to arrive only to be bombarded with three or four at once.
  • That wait can be a great source of tension between the lawyer and the client. It is hard to explain to a client who is languishing in prison that it is not the lawyer’s fault that the court reporter is taking a year or more to type up the proceedings.
  • For matters where a transcript is not essential, the recording provides a way to impeach witnesses or review what is said. It provides a tangible record of what happened in situations when there is not time to get a transcript prepared or in situations where it would not be ordered.
  • It would save lawyers, clients, and the State money.
  • More will get recorded. Judges order their court reporter to go “off the record” with impunity. When that happens, something bad is going to transpire. Ordering a recording system to be turned off seems more Nixonesque somehow.

The idea of having a court reporter seated with a stenograph machine in the age of digital recording seems a tad antiquated. If one were designing a recording system for courts from the ground up today, we likely wouldn’t dream up the position of court reporter (a point made in the comments to the judge’s blog post). It likely made sense in the 1930s, but we are left with this vestigial court official.

Take a look at this new blog. And, if you are a reader with power to make digital recording happen in Georgia, please do so.